Unlike other sophisicated sip libiraies, exosip, pjsip, mjsip, which implement all layers of sip protocol, oSip library doesn't implement transport layer. oSip claims it doesn't provide high level api for controlling SIP session, it only provides api for sip message parsing, sdp message parsing and transaction handling. The api contains implementation for syntax, transaction and transaction unit layer.
So, in order to use oSip in our own application, we need to implement transport layer, and hook the transport layer with the oSip library.
Core structures of oSip
oSip library has four core structures, osip_t, osip_transaction_t, osip_event_t, osip_message_t. osip_t is the context of the sip library runs in. osip_transaction_t defines transaction which composes of a request message and all subsequent response messages related to the request. osip_event_t defines event inside transaction pending on handling. osip_message_t is the mapping from sip message syntax to c structure.
osip_t has four lists of transactions, each corresponds to a kind of transaction. For instance, if our sip application makes a call to another sip application, our application runs as uac (User Agent Client). A transaction is created and added to the osip_ict_transactions ( ict is short for invite client transaction) list. In the application being called, a transaction is also created and added to the osip_ist_transactions (ist is short for invite server transaction).
There are three members, msg_callbacks, kill_callbacks and cb_send_message in osip_t. They store callbacks to be called while handling events of transaction. They are designed as internal members. The proper way to add callbacks is using following apis: osip_set_cb_send_message, osip_set_message_callback and osip_set_kill_transaction_
osip_transaction_t contains many members. Among them, the most important ones are:
- transactionid, which uniquely identifis a transaction
- state, which shows current state of the transaction
- transactionff, a fifo containing all events belonging to this transaction
After events have been added to fifo, we need to call osip_xxx_execute functions to actually handle them. There are four osip_xxx_execute functions, each will handle all events belong to a transaction category. For example, osip_ist_execute function will iterate through all IST transactions in osip_ist_transactions list, loop through all events in each transaction's transactionff, call corresponding callback functions depending on the type of the event.
How to use oSip
To use oSip library, we usually follow below steps:
- Initialize oSip and setup callback functions
- Implement transport layer. In most cases, we create a socket based transport layer.
- Create/add events by parsing incoming messages
- Call osip_xxx_execute function to process all events
This sample is a UAS(callee) for windows, and just show the basic steps of using oSip without error handling.
- It's strongly recommended not to run time consuming or indefinite ending tasks inside callback functions, otherwise, the osip main procedure will be blocked until the callback finishes.
- oSip has provided a wrapper layer above native system apis to make it portable. In order to use its multi-thread feature (which is almost always necessary), we need to define OSIP_MT macro in our application.
- In most cases, we don't need to concern about freeing of transaction & message instances. Their life time are managed by the osip runtime, through state machine.